Over the past fifty years, Anne Frank has perhaps become the most recognizable voice of Holocaust victims. Only a young girl during the war, Frank became famous when her teenage diary was collated and published posthumously. Born to a German Jewish family, Frank was forced to flee Germany in 1933 when the Nazis gained power. Unfortunately however, this relief would be short-lived as the Nazis occupied The Netherlands in 1940.

Due to mounting pressures, the Frank family went into hiding in 1942. Frank's father Otto owned an office building with a secret facility ("Achterhuis") which was located behind the attic. And so with the aid of five employees, including a secretary named Miep Gies, the Frank's lived there for nearly two years. During this time Anne kept the now famous diary, recording her thoughts about her predicament, as well as her hopes and dreams.

In August 1944, the Franks were arrested. Miep Gies was able to rescue Anne’s diary, which she kept safe during the rest of the war. Gies tried unsuccessfully to obtain the release of the Franks. But the Franks were sent to Auschwitz. A few months later, Anne was deported to Bergen-Belsen camp, and it is believed that she and her sister Margot died there of typhus in early 1945. Anne Frank was buried in a mass grave, in an unknown location.

After the war, Gies returned Anne's diary to her father. It provided a detailed account of the years in hiding. Otto Frank became committed to the idea of publishing his daughter's writing, but did not initially meet with success. Finally, it was published in The Netherlands in 1947, in Germany and France in 1950, and eventually the U.S. and England in 1952. Though the book was not successful, a film called The Diary of Anne (1959) was extremely successful, and inspired many to revisit the diary itself. Over the following decades, The Diary of Anne Frank gained a large following, and has become a staple in school curriculums which teach WWII history. 

The power of Anne Frank's writing is in the honesty with which she describes her experiences, and the unexpected maturity with which she interprets them.