It cannot diminish the enormity of the tragedy of the Holocaust to mention also the acts of heroic resistance and rescue that took place in the midst of the catastrophe. Tens of thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe were saved from death by their Christian neighbors. Christians who sheltered Jews faced great risks. In Western Europe the Nazis sent to a concentration camp anyone caught assisting Jews. In Poland and Russia, the penalty for helping Jews was death by hanging. Poles who helped Jews not only faced death themselves, the Nazis executed entire families, hanging children from balconies as a terrible warning. In this atmosphere of fear, most people avoided unnecessary danger. Christians who risked their lives to shelter Jews provide a rare light amid the darkness. Their extraordinary courage and compassion deserves to be remembered, honored, and cherished in any history of the Holocaust.