Carl Lutz was the Swiss Vice-Consul in Budapest from 1942 until the end of the War, where he was involved in the rescue of tens of thousands of Jews.

Lutz was spent a significant portion of his life in the U.S., emigrating there at the age of 18. After studying diplomacy at George Washington University, Lutz accepted a series of posts at Swiss Consulates in Philadelphia and St. Louis. Finally however, after nearly twenty years in the U.S., he accepted a consular post in Jaffa, Palestine, and was later transferred to Budapest.

Almost immediately, he became involved in the rescue of Hungarian Jews and arranged for their sage passage to Palestine. Later, he would negotiate arrangements with the Nazis so that some 8,000 Jews could "officially" leave safely. Meanwhile, he created some 72 safe-houses, protected by Swiss political asylum, and hid Jews there. 

Lutz also devised a method of falsifying passports as a means to smuggle Jews out of Budapest, and would later teach this process to Raoul Wallenberg.

All in all, it is believed that over 62,000 Jews were saved through the efforts of Carl Lutz. In 1958, he was the first Swiss citizen to be named "Righteous Among the Nations". He died in Bern, in 1975.