American Jews were outraged by the Nazi’s anti-Jewish propaganda. In response, on March 27, 1933, the American Jewish Congress organized a large anti-Nazi protest in New York City with 55,000 people attending. Some American Jews called for a boycott of German goods.  But others feared that anti-German protests and boycotts would merely result in further harm to German Jews. In the end, the American Jewish protests and boycotts did little to deter the Nazis from their efforts to ostracize and persecute Jews in Germany. 

In fact, American Jewish protests were used by the Nazis as an excuse to step up action against German Jews. Hitler and his propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels called for a large-scale boycott of Jewish businesses in Germany to take place on April 1, 1933.  Throughout Germany, the Nazis placed guards and signs in front of Jewish-owned businesses and shops warning non-Jews against entering. The boycott was the first nation-wide attack against the Jews of Germany.