Moses Montefiore was one of the most famous British Jews of the 19th century.  He worked as a financier, banker, philanthropist and was elected the Sheriff of London in 1836.  He served for 39 years as the president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, and devoted much of his long life to alleviating the distress of Jews all over the world.  Inspired by his numerous trips to the Holy Land, he worked to make the Jews of Palestine self-sufficient in anticipation of the establishment of a Jewish homeland there.