Moses Mendelssohn was an 18th century German Jewish philosopher who ushered in the Jewish Enlightenment. Born in Dessau, Germany, Mendelssohn moved as a young boy to Berlin, where he gained fame as a philosopher and colleague of the German author Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. His philosophy encouraged religious tolerance and assimilation of German and Jewish culture. As a result, Mendelssohn is considered the father of Reform Judaism. Towards the end of his life, Mendelssohn translated the Hebrew bible and psalms into German. Mendelssohn’s grandson, the musical prodigy Felix Mendelssohn, became a great composer. His Wedding March is one of the most recognizable musical compositions, performed in weddings throughout the world.