Moses_MaimonidesMoses Maimonides, known as the Rambam, was a medieval Jewish philosopher and one of the greatest rabbis of the Middle Ages. 

It is believed that he was born in Cordova, Spain in 1135 and died in Egypt in 1204, where he had worked as a rabbi, physician and philosopher.  His codification of Jewish law is considered a cornerstone of Jewish scholarship. His philosophical writings, incorporating elements of ancient Greek philosophy, also influenced the great Christian theologian Saint Thomas Aquinas.