After Jews in many European countries were given freedom from legal restrictions and persecution, and were granted basic civil rights in the 19th century, many Jews were able to make significant contributions in arts and sciences.  For example, some rose to be the acknowledged leaders in their respective fields.  Before 1933, 29 percent of German Nobel Prize winners were Jewish.  Please use the audio guide numbers to explore the contributions of these famous Jewish artists and scientists.  As you will see, a number of them escaped the Nazis and came to Southern California, where they taught and influenced the development of our culture.


Theodor Adorno

Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin “Oh, How I Hate To Get Up in the Morning”

Sarah Bernhardt

Niels Bohr

Joseph Breuer

Martin Buber

Claude Cahun

Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco

Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco “The Flood” from the Genesis Suite

Marc Chagall

Lt. Col. Alfred Dreyfuss

Albert Einstein

Hanns Eisler

Hanns Eisler “Despite These Miseries”

Leon Feuchtwanger

Viktor Frankl

Sigmund Freud

Jascha Heifetz

Jascha Heifetz, “Saint-Saens Introduction & Rondo Capriccioso in A Minor, Op. 28-3. Piu Allegro”

Theodor Herzl

Regina Jonas

Franz Kafka

Hans Kelsen

Otto Klemperer

George Koltanowski

Erich Korngold

Erich Korngold “Violin Concerto in D Op. 35-1. Moderato Nobile”

Karl Kraus

Karl Kraus, “Zum Ewigen Frieden”

Friedrich "Fritz" Kreisler

Fritz Kreisler “Liebesfreud”

Carl Laemmle

Else Lasker-Schüler

Emma Lazarus

Emma Lazarus, “Give me your tired, your poor”

Egon Ledec

Peter Lorre

Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler “Wenn dein Mutterlein tritt zur Tur Herein”

Herbert Marcuse

Darius Milhaud

Darius Milhaud “Cain and Abel” from The Genesis Suite

Ferenc Molnar

Gregor Piatigorsky

Gregor Piatigorsky “Mendelssohn Cello Sonata”

Max Reinhardt

Moses Joseph Roth

Artur Schnabel

Artur Schnabel - Schubert, “Impromptu D. 889 No. 2”

Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Schoenberg, “Prelude to Genesis Suite”

Bruno Schulz

Emilio Segrè

Rudolf Serkin

Rudolf Serkin - Beethoven, “11 Bagatelles, Op. 119”

Kalonymus Kalman Shapira

Hannah Szenes

Henrietta Szold

Ernst Toch

Ernst Toch “The Covenant”

Rahel Varnhagen

Bruno Walter

Bruno Walter, “Symphony #1 in D, Titan 2. Kraftig Bewegt”

Franz Waxman

Franz Waxman “The Garden” from The Song of Terezin

Kurt Weill

Kurt Weill “Ballad of the Nazi Soldier’s Wife”

Franz Werfel

Erich Zeisl

Eric Zeisl “Andante” from the Second String Quartet

Berta Zuckerkandl

Arnold Zweig

Stefan Zweig