RG-01.16, Jewish Courts of Honor. Central Committee of Liberated Jews in US zone in Germany, Papers
Jewish courts of honor, a postwar phenomenon, an institution established to serve justice in regard to Jewish collaborators with the Nazi-German regime in the occupied territories. In many instances, Jewish functionaries of Jewish Councils (Judenraete) took advantage of the position in control over Jewish population in ghettos. They facilitated arrests of Jewish resistance, promoted deportations, enriched by using corrupt schemes of money laundering and black market economy. They allied themselves with corrupt German officials for the sake of personal well-being and enrichment. In Nazi-German concentration camps corrupt Jewish functionaries devotedly served to German administration, treated fellow prisoners with cruelty and promoted bribery and denunciation.
Survived the war, these Jewish functionaries made their way to displaced person camps in Germany, positing themselves as victims of Nazi-German regime. Judicial Department of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in Germany collected evidential base against a number of alleged Jewish collaborators.
This Collections contains documents related to litigation in the matter of Jewish collaborators with the Nazi-German regime, that is, the notes and preparatory papers of defense, deposition and organizational nature.
This Collection also comprises materials in regard to the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany routine activities, namely easing the process of obtaining personal documents from the Polish consulates in Germany.
Legal (Judicial Department) of the Central Committee prepared and evidential corpus of documents in regard to accusations brought against Jewish functionaries in the German-occupied territories. These Jewish functionaries who held administrative-managing positions in Jewish administration in the ghettos or served as appointed functionaries in Nazi-German concentration and labor camps where suspected in malicious support of German administration, crimes against fellow Jews and criminal activity in economic sphere.
As far as activity of Jewish courts of honor is concerned, this collective corpus of documents represents the Dawid Gertler Papers and the Henryk Gliksman Papers. The both were regarded Jewish collaborators with the Nazi-German regime. However, the scale
of collaboration and ensuing culpability between them differs significantly. Dawid Gertler evidently was a corrupt and Jewish official of the Lodz ghetto. His willing collaboration and malicious activity has been proven by multiple facts, as well as by testimonies of witnesses. Henryk Gliksman, although a suspect in collaboration and corruption, was not necessarily guilty of willing collaboration, corruption and malicious acts against the fellow prisoners of German concentration camps.
Dawid Gertler was the head of the Lodz Ghetto’s Sonderarbeiteilung¸ that is the Special Unit of the Jewish police. He was regarded a popular figure in the ghetto. It is believed that he and Chaim Rumkowski, the Chairman of the Jewish Council were rivals. Dawid Gertler was arrested and sent to Auschwitz in 1943. He survived the war. After the war, a group of Jews from Lodz living in Germany raised the awareness of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany of his collaboration with the German administration and accused him of corruption. The Legal Department of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in Germany initiated a legal proceeding against Dawid Gertler.
These documents stem from the litigation and proceedings concerning the case of Dawid Gertler, one of the former high-ranking Judenraet officials of the Lodz ghetto. The Jewish Court of Honor in Munich tried this case. The documents represent a pre-trial proceeding related to his administrative functions at the Lodz Ghetto Jewish police and collaboration with the German administration. A number of the documents relate to the technicalities of the case, for example, including Gertler’s willingness to cover the costs of an air-flight for the witnesses in his favor, and correspondence setting the dates for the hearings.
Accusations against Henryk Gliksman derive from his probable collaboration with the German administration as the Lageraelteste (the Elder of the camp) of the Glashuette (glassworks) in Raków, Poland. In particular, he was charged of collaboration with the Nazi commander of the camp. Witnesses gave contradicting testimonies in this matter. Some even stated that Gliksman was instrumental in rendering aid to the camp prisoners.
Subjects (index terms):
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration between the members of Jewish councils and German administration
Collaboration in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Councils (Judenraete) in German-occupied Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Collaboration of Jewish Order Police in the ghettos with German administration
Collaboration of Jewish order police with German police and security forces in the ghettos
Culpability of Jewish collaborators with Nazi-German regime, Jewish courts of Honor, postwar Germany
Dawid Gertler, chief of Special Department (Sonderabteilung), Jewish Council, Lodz ghetto
Dawid Gertler, chief of the Special Department (Sonderabteilung) of the Jewish ghetto police
Dawid Gertler, corruption and malicious activity, wartime
Dawid Gertler, discourse and narrative, collaboration with German administration
Dawid Gertler, discourse in regard to collaboration with German administration in Warsaw ghetto
Dawid Gertler, discourse in regard to his collaboration with German administration in Lodz ghetto
Dawid Gertler, Jewish collaborator with Nazi German regime in occupied Poland
Dawid Gertler, preferential treatment of his in Nazi-German concentration camps
Documents in German language
Documents in Polish language
Documents in Yiddish language
Estera Epstein, Polish-educated lawyer, working for the Legal Department, Court of Honor, postwar
Henryk Gliksman, deliberation of alleged collaboration, Jewish courts of honor
Henryk Gliksman, discourse and narrative, alleged collaboration, Jewish courts of honor
Henryk Gliksman, discourse of alleged collaboration with German administration in the Raków labor camp
Henryk Gliksman, litigation of alleged collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor, Munich (Germany), Estera Epstein (Anna Przeworska Pratt)
Legal defense in the Jewish courts of Honor
Legal defense to Jewish collaborators, Estera Epstein (Anna Przeworska Pratt)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Narratives in German language
Narratives in Polish language
Narratives in Yiddish
Representation and defense of alleged Jewish collaborators, Jewish courts of Honor, postwar Germany